10 Tips to Understand a Vendor SOC Report

10 Tips to Understand a Vendor SOC Report

By: Beaconer, Jul 27, 2023

10 Tips to Understand a Vendor SOC Report


Understanding a Vendor SOC (System and Organization Controls) report is crucial for businesses seeking to assess the security and reliability of their service providers. These reports provide valuable insights into a vendor’s internal controls, processes, and overall security posture. However, comprehending the complex information within a SOC report can be challenging for non-technical professionals.  You can take help from third-party risk management professionals to understand soc report efficiently.

What Is A Vendor SOC Report?

A Vendor SOC (System and Organization Controls) report comprehensively assesses a service provider’s internal controls and processes related to security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, and privacy. It is a crucial document for businesses that rely on third-party vendors to understand the vendor’s security measures and assess the potential risks associated with their services.

The SOC report is prepared by an independent auditor who evaluates the vendor’s controls based on predefined criteria. It provides valuable information about the vendor’s security posture, including identified vulnerabilities, incidents, or deficiencies. By reviewing a Vendor SOC report, organizations can make informed decisions about their vendor partnerships and ensure the protection of their sensitive data.

Read Also- What Is Third-Party Risk Management & Why It is Important?

Tips To Review Vendor Soc Report

By following these tips, you can make informed decisions and ensure your organization’s data is safe.

Know the Different Types of SOC Reports

SOC reports come in three types, each serving different purposes. SOC 1 report evaluates the internal controls over financial reporting at a service organization. It’s beneficial when the service impacts the client’s financial statements. SOC 2 report is based on the Trust Services Criteria (security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality, privacy), assessing the effectiveness of a service organization’s controls that affect user entities’ operations and compliance. Lastly, SOC 3 report is a general-use report that delivers the same assurance as a SOC 2 report but without detailed descriptions, making it suitable for public distribution.

Determine Which Type of SOC Report You Need

Each SOC report serves a different purpose. If your primary concern is how a vendor’s service impacts your financial reporting, a SOC 1 report will be suitable. On the other hand, if you’re more concerned about data security, privacy, and availability, then a SOC 2 report should be your go-to. Remember, a vendor might provide different SOC reports based on their services, so requesting the appropriate type for your specific needs is essential.

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Understand the Time Frames

Type I and Type II reports differ in timing. A Type I report details the vendor’s system and whether suitable controls are designed effectively as of a specific date. Meanwhile, a Type II report provides a historical perspective, examining if the controls were operating effectively over a defined period, usually six to twelve months. This distinction is crucial as Type II offers a more comprehensive insight into the performance of controls over time.

Consider the Scope of the Report

Ensuring the report covers all relevant systems that manage or interact with your data is crucial. If the report only focuses on a portion of your services, it may provide a partial view of the data controls. For example, if you use a vendor for cloud storage and data processing, the SOC report should address both services, not just one.

Examine the Independent Service Auditor’s Report

The independent service auditor’s report, also known as the opinion, provides valuable insights into the effectiveness and design of the vendor’s controls. This opinion can be unqualified (no significant exceptions found), qualified (some exceptions found but not pervasive), adverse (pervasive issues found), or a disclaimer (unable to form an opinion). Understanding the nature of the opinion is crucial in assessing the reliability of the vendor’s controls.

Review the Vendor’s Description of Controls

Describing the vendor’s controls offers a deep dive into how your data is safeguarded and managed. It should clearly articulate the various control objectives, the procedures to achieve them, and the precise role these controls play in the vendor’s operation. This information can help you identify potential risk areas and whether the vendor’s controls align with your organization’s risk appetite.


Check the Results of the Control Testing

In a Type II report, the control testing results reveal whether the controls were adequate throughout the period under review. This section can illuminate any identified exceptions – instances where the controls did not operate as designed. Any noted exceptions should be evaluated carefully for their potential impact on your data’s security and integrity.

Consider the Complementary User Entity Controls

These are controls that your organization must implement to ensure the vendor’s controls function as intended. For example, if the vendor’s control depends on your staff following specific security protocols, which are not followed, the effectiveness of the vendor’s control could be compromised. Thus, understanding these necessary complementary controls can guide your internal procedures.

Watch Out for “Exceptions”

Exceptions are instances where the vendor’s controls did not operate as intended. While occasional exceptions might not signal a significant issue, numerous exceptions could indicate systemic problems with the vendor’s controls. Further discussion with the vendor about these exceptions is warranted in such cases.

Re-evaluate Annually

Vendor SOC reports should be reviewed annually or whenever significant changes occur within the vendor’s organization or your own. This ensures that the controls continue to meet your needs and comply with changes in regulations or business processes. Remember, a SOC report is just a snapshot in time, and controls can change, so regular re-evaluation is crucial to maintaining data security and integrity.

Wrapping Up

Understanding a vendor’s SOC report can be daunting, but it’s a crucial part of managing vendor relationships and ensuring data security. By following these ten tips, you’ll be better equipped to interpret the data and make informed decisions about your vendor partnerships.

At Beaconer, our team consists of experienced TPRM experts who diligently adhere to standard instructions when reviewing SOC2 reports to ensure accurate assessments. We enhance our assessment process by utilizing an AI tool alongside our assessors, which reduces complexity and increases efficiency. Feel free to contact us for more details.

Author Bio

Nagaraj Kuppuswamy

Nagaraj Kuppuswamy is the Co-founder and CEO of Beaconer, an esteemed enterprise specializing in managed third-party risk using the cloud native AI based solution. With an extensive portfolio of accolades and industry certifications, Nagaraj stands out as a seasoned expert, boasting over 16 years of dedicated involvement in the field of Cybersecurity. Throughout the course of their career, he has predominantly focused on elevating the realm of third-party risk assessment.


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